• Mai Khder

Temple of Khnum at Esna

The Khnum Temple in Esna city, south of Luxor. The only remaining one in his state of the ancient temples of Esna, which have exceeded 4th and which for its uniqueness is considered one of the most significant cities.


Khnum Temple in Esna is situated approximately 55 km south of Luxor on the west bank of the Nile, which was discovered in 1843 AD and cleared from ruins, towards the end of Muhammad Ali Pasha in the 2nd half of the 19th century.


The professor was an old tradition to the idol betrayed to them and to their family: the word of Grant Bennett, the creator of people and the idol Nita and her family next to another idol, explaining the most important thing in the living room of the columns which rely on the most beautiful constructions of Egypt and to the Greek, Roman.


The temple is considered one of the most important sightseeing sights in the city of Esna, as it is the only remaining of the four temples in Esna, three of which are in the north-west of Esna (Asfour – Kom al-Dair - west of Esna), the fourth in the east of Esna (Hilla) and in the year 1830 another temple has been discovered. These temples, however, were lost in the last century and nothing but what was mentioned therein was left of them, confirming in 1828 AD that the French scholar (Champollion) had visited the temple of Esna and reported that there were inscriptions in the temple bearing the names of King Tuthmosis and that the current temple was erected on ruins of an ancient temple dating back to the era of the Third Dynasty.


In the age of King Ptolemaic, the temple was demolished and rebuilt in the Sawi period of the twenty-sixth family and the bulk of it was situated in modern homes of Esna while the present temple was begun construction on the Ptolemaic King Ptolemy the third, nicknamed the Philopator that is, the lover of his mother was added to it in the Roman era a hall belonging to the era of the Roman Emperor (Claudius) 40 AD. The temple dates back to the middle state of the Twelfth Dynasty, 1991-1778 BC


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