• Mai Khder

Al-Aqmar Mosque on Al-Muizz Street, Cairo

Updated: Apr 28, 2021

"Al-Aqmar" A Fatimid Mosque in Cairo combines the distinctive design with the color of the moon

In Egypt we don’t have just great pharaonic history we also have a great Islamic history which we are proud of, the Islamic monument in Cairo is the medieval district of Cairo and one of the oldest Islamic cities in the world. A stroll through Islamic Cairo transports you back to the time when Muslims ruled the city. This area's mosques, shops, and markets are among the city's most beautiful, and a stroll through its streets will encourage you to imagine the city's glory days!

The mosque of Al-Aqmar is located on Al-Muizz Li Din Allah Street, one of the oldest streets and things to do in Cairo especially in Islamic Cairo. Al-Muizz Street makes it simple to feel both Islamic Cairo’s history and the modern neighborhood that exists besides this developing architecture during a lot of Cairo Day Tours. The street that moves from ( Bab Al-Futuh to Azhar Street) which is (next to Khan Al-Khalili) was lately restored.

It was established by the Fatimid Caliph, the Commander of Ahkam Allah in the year 519 AH / 1125 CE, and the construction was undertaken by the Minister Al-Ma'mun Al-Bataihi, and it was renewed during the reign of Sultan Barquq in 799 AH by Emir Yalbugha Al-Salmi. The main façade of the mosque is the oldest surviving stone façade, and the architecture has been interested in building and decorating it with input from radiant arches and Shiite phrases, the most important of which is the repetition of the words “Muhammad and Ali”, in addition to writings in Kufic script that are Qur’anic verses, and the engineer’s ingenuity appeared in coordinating the facades to conform to the direction of The way, as well as taking into account the direction of the kiss from the inside. When the Coptic Museum was built in the twentieth century, its façade was designed in the manner of the mosque’s façade, with Christian phrases and crosses placed in place of Islamic expressions.

The mosque consists of a central open courtyard surrounded by four corridors covered with shallow domes (shallow), the largest of which is the qibla hallway, and in the middle of the qibla wall is a mihrab, topped by a stela that records the renovations made by Emir Yalbugha al-Salmi.

-It's the description

The Mosque of Al-Aqmar is one of Cairo's Fatimid mosques. It's on Al-Nahhasin Street and was constructed in 519 AH (1125 AD) by the Minister al-Ma'mune and by the Caliph's commander, Ibn al-Batayhi, and the first mosque in Cairo to have a special engineering design. It was the first to be constructed in 59 AH (1125 AD). Al-Maqrizi says that the mosque was built in place of one of the monasteries called the Greatness Well because it included some Coptic martyrs' bones. And it was named for the color of its white stones, similar to the moon's color, because of its name.

It is also the first mosque where the front of the qibla stands parallel to the street organization and does not run parallel to the courtyard. There is a small square court, which is around 10 meters square, surrounded by a three-side corridor and three galleys. This is why we see that the inside of the mosque is skewed to the facade and consists of To the South-East The iwan and leaves of the qibla, decorated by decorated Cufic scripts, have ancient marble columns with molded bases and various capitals linked with a wooden border. This is true. In the 15th century AD, it extended into Mamluk architecture and over this decade there is the Persian nude, formed like a fan in the center of a circle. Following this mosque.

-Architectural design

In Cairo's architectural history, He described the mosque as an "innovative" and influential historic monument. It is particularly remarkable for two features: the façade decoration and the floor design.

-It's history

The Mosque was constructed from 1121 to 1125 under the rule of Caliph al-Amir bi Ahkam Allah by Fatimid vizier al-Ma'mun al-Buta'i, who served in that position. A few days ago, Al-Maâmun served in the Fatimid Caliphate in the course of a major political and spiritual crisis. His reforms were initiated, and his ceremonial aspects of the caliphate were restored, both in palaces and in government areas. In the large Fatimid palaces, he made further renovations. Shortly after the mosque was completed in 1125, he was arrested and executed three years later. After his father's death and before him was designated by Shahanshah (the best vizier) Al-Ma'mun grew poor (his predecessor) was employed in low-paid work involving learning building skills, and this early experience could have helped him to achieve his later work.

The mosque was constructed in the northeast corner of a large eastern palace in the Fatimid and could have served the residents and the neighborhoods. Its vicinity to the palace can be one of the reasons why a minaret was not included, most likely to avoid anyone who climbed into the Caliph's palaces.

Al-Aqmar Mosque is a very common sight of many things to do in Cairoto be visited within Cairo Day Tours. With our Egypt Tailor Made planner, you can put Al-Hakim Mosque at the forefront of your travel plans.

Tours to Egypt usually have an Islamic Cairo tour that you can enjoy from our varieties of tours from Cairo. Let's discover Old Cairo through one of the most exciting Cairo day tours. Enjoy the Coptic and Islamic Cairo tour which is amongst the topCairo Tripsthat will take you to visit the most important ancient sites in Egypt. Explore Al-Aqmar Mosque, theSaladin Citadel and the Alabaster Mosque of Mohamed Ali, built during the first half of the nineteenth century, it was the seat of the Egyptian government during many dynasties like the Ayyubids, the Mamluks, and even some Ottomans. You will also visit the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, which the oldest intact mosque in Egyptestablished during the 19th century, the Mosque of Sultan Hassan, which is one of the biggest mosque complexes for teaching Islamic law in history.

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