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The Egyptian Museum in Cairo




Contrary to its great reputation, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo is not very extensive in surface area. It is arranged over two floors, both rectangular in shape, with a series of rooms arranged around a central atrium attached by a corridor. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!


Nothing is better than the Egyptian Museum Tour only for 2 hours, it is a great introduction to the mysterious history of Egypt and helps you to know more about the full history of the pharaonic era Egypt. The Egyptian Museum was constructed in 1898 by the efforts of the famous french scientist August Marriott and it was officially opened in 1902 for the visitors. Considered to be one of the oldest and most popular museums around the globe and is definitely a very important place between various things to do in Cairo. Most of Egypt Day Tours would include a tour to the Egyptian Museum to cover this famous antiquity museum. Its construction has a very long history that records back to Mohamed Ali Basha, the founder of modern Egypt, who planned the start of the museum construction to exhibit the most valuable masterpieces of ancient Egypt. At first, the museum was stationed in the area of Azabakeya, between the Opera square and the currently known as Attaba square.

we suggest you visit the great Egyptian museum due to its consists of two floors also houses an extensive selection of ancient Egyptian monuments from various eras beginning with the predynastic era by king Menes at the first dynasty 3200 BC ending with the Greco Roman era by Macedonian Alexander the great 332 BC and some other nobles also dignitaries.

At the main entrance to the museum, you will find 3 deities depicted on the wall, Nephthys, goddess of death on the left side and the goddess Isis, goddess of magic on the right side and finally, and Hathor, goddess of love and motherhood in the middle, on the ground floor showing a wide range of papyrus scrolls and ancient coins used during ancient Egyptian history, papyrus pieces unfortunately Of the smaller pieces due to their decomposition over time, several languages ​​have been found on these pieces, such as Greek, Latin, Arabic, and ancient Egyptian. The coins on this floor are made of different types of minerals, such as bronze and silver of many origins, something that has served scholars exploring the history of ancient Egyptian trade and the trading system, and there are also displays from the late family era, the history of Egypt, that were found from tombs Pharaoh is like Tuthmosis III, Amenhotep II, and Queen Hatshepsut.

As well as in particular rosetta stone an inscribed stone found near Rosetta on the western bank of the Nile River in 1799. Its text is written in three scripts, hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek from the ancient era, thanking the King Thutmose the third for what he did by reducing the taxes, Champollion in 1822 was able to decipher the letters of the hieroglyphs which led to the interpretation of many other early records of Egyptian civilization.

Also, the fabulous design of the Narmer palette supports you to discover the time when the ancient Egyptians were divided into two kingdoms, the Northern Kingdom and the Sothern Kingdom before King Menes finally succeded to unify the two kingdoms and building the first capital in the history of Egypt, Memphis, to become a center for ruling Egypt.

Small statues, wooden sarcophagi, jewelry, and most importantly, part of King Tutankhamun’s golden treasures, the distinctive funerary mask of the child’s king alongside other golden sarcophagi and jewelry found in the king’s grave, and a new discovery has been discovered, the magnificent tomb and treasures of the forgotten names of the couple Yuya and Tuya were ancient Egyptian nobles. They became famous again at the beginning of the twentieth century. The researchers could not believe their eyes, as this event took place nearly two decades before Carter found the cemetery in the Valley of the Kings of their grandson, Tutankhamun, and it was perhaps at these times the greatest treasure ever found in Egypt.

The statue of Montuhotep the Second, who was the king between 2055-2004 BC, is amongst the most impressive Middle Kingdom displays, also on the second floor are models of Egyptian armies with the darker-skinned soldiers of Nubian origin. King Akhenaten displays are not to be missed in the New Kingdom antiquities, and the gigantic statue of Ramses II depicted as a child, The Royal Tombs of Tanis and the death mask of Psusennes the first.

Inside the Mummies Room, some of Egypt’s greatest pharaoh's mummies are displayed in room 56 from Seti I and Ramses II to the female pharaoh Queen Hatshepsut. The preservation is rather scary, as many of these mummies maintain their feathery gray hair and detailed facial features, it looks like to be resting into eternity.

There are also pets and animal mummies rooms and Greco-Roman era mummy portraits and a huge number of ancient Egyptian daily life objects and jewelry.

The Grand Egyptian Museum which is known also as the Giza New Museum is considered as the largest archaeological museum in the world, still under construction till now and is scheduled to be open for visitors in 2020, and the half-day tour to the Grand Egyptian Museum will let you explore the full collection of King Tutankhamen with many artifacts displayed in a unique way, so you can try one of our Cairo Sightseeing Tours to the Grand Egyptian Museum and Pyramids tour from Cairo Airport to save more time and have fun in every single moment throughout visiting the ancient Cairo Sightseeing Tours. The museum is built on an area of 50 hectares and the building is designed like a chamfered triangle and there is a big yard in front of it that is full with palm trees, The new museum is designed to include the most advanced technology like the virtual reality experience, The museum will also be an international center for communication between museums to develop a direct connection with other regional and international museums all over the world.

The Grand Egyptian Museum will also include a museum for kids, a conference center, a training center, and workshops very similar to the ancient Egyptian places. Additional things will be transferred from museums in Luxor, Minya, Sohag, Assiut, Beni Suef, Fayoum Oasis, the Nile Delta, and Alexandria city, so the Grand Egyptian Museum tour from Alexandria Port either or the Grand Egyptian Museum and Pyramids Tour from Port Said are giving you the chance to discover all these precious monuments.

If you're planning any tours to Egypt you can visit the Egyptian Museum from our varieties of tours from Cairo.

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